高考英语作文实用技巧之篇章结构

发布时间:2020-06-26 00:48:07
作者:昌震

(1)注意篇章结构,合理布局

开始部分(opening paragraph)——说出文中的要点、核心问题。

正文部分(Body paragraphs)——围绕主题开展叙述、讨论。

结尾部分(concluding paragraphs)——对全文的总结和概括。

要做到全文中心突出、段落之间必须是有机地联系,内容完整、连贯。

前后呼应,祛除与主题无关的内容.

(2)确定主题句

主题句是对全文的概括,是文章的主旨。它能在文章中起到“画龙点睛”的作用。通常主题句出现在一篇文章的开头,而后,全文对主题句所提出的内容进行解释,扩展。

写主题句应注意以下几点:

①归纳出你要写的文章的几个要点

②提炼出一句具有概括性的话

③主题句应具有可读性,抓住、吸引读者。

要想使文章有整体性、连贯性,就要学会正确使用连接词

表示罗列增加

First, second, third, First, then / next, after that / next, finally For one thing … for another…, On (the) one hand…on the other hand,Besides / what’s more / in addition / furthermore / moreover / another / also, Especially / In particular,

表示时间顺序

now, at present, recently,after, afterwards, after that, after a while, in a few days,at first, in the beginning, to begin with, later, next, finally,immediately, soon, suddenly, all of a sudden, at that moment, as soon as, the moment form now on, from then on, at the same time, meanwhile, till, not…until, before, after, when, while, as during,

表示解释说明

now, in addition, for example, for instance, in this case, moreover furthermore, in fact, actually

表示转折关系

but, however, while, though, or, otherwise, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, despite, in spite of, even though, except (for), instead, of course, after all,

表示并列关系

or, and, also, too, not only … but also, as well as, both… and, either …or,neither …nor

表示因果关系

because, because of, since, now that, as, thanks to…, due to…, therefore, as a result (of), otherwise, so…that, such…that

表示条件关系

as (so) long as, on condition that, if, unless

表示让步关系

though, although, as, even if, even though, whether …or…, however, whoever, whatever, whichever, wherever, whenever, no matter how (who, what, which, where, when, whom)

表示举例

for example, for instance, such as…, take… for example

表示比较

be similar to, similarly, the same as, in contrast, compared with (to)…just like, just as,

表示目的

for this reason,, for this purpose, so that, in order to, so as to,

表示强调

in deed, in fact, surely, certainly, no doubt, without any doubt, truly, obviously, above all,

表示概括归纳

in a word, in short, in brief, on the whole, generally speaking, in my opinion, as far as I know, As we all know, as has been stated,as I have shown, finally, at last, in summary, in conclusion,

主题 全文 部分


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